SATO UMI and Sustainable Development of Aquaculture In Indonesia
Suhendar I Sachoemar and Ratu Siti Aliah 2014

SATO-UMI is the new concept of sustainable management of fishery resources in which human intervention in the management of fisheries resources in the coastal and marine areas can increase the productivity and diversity of fishery resources. In a broader scale, SATO-UMI basic concept can be applied to balance the availability of natural resources as a source of food by maintaining the stability of ecosystems. In the aquaculture, the concept can be applied on the development of the Integrated Multi Tropic Aquaculture (IMTA) model as a sustainable aquaculture model that is set up on the based of the biorecycle system. This model was developed to improve the productivity and ecosystem stability with minimizing organic waste coming from the aquaculture activities. The experiment result shows that the IMTA model with aquatic cultivation of shrimp, tilapia, seaweed and oyster has provided the highest productivity with the best water quality stability compare to the monoculture and poly culture without the benthic organism such the oyster. The result indicated that the IMTA model on the based Sato Umi concept can be applied to develop and improve the productivity of fisheries from the aquaculture in the coastal area of Indonesia for future sustainable fisheries resources development.