Development of SALINA-Saline Indonesian Tilapia
Ratu Siti Aliah 2014

SALINA - Saline Indonesian Tilapia is a tilapia strain which is developed from hybridization between red NIFI and black SULTANA strain that have a good performance in brackish water with 20 - 25 ppt salinity. SALINA was developed by Center for Agriculture Production Technology, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) to support national food security, increasing the chances of export commodities aquaculture, anticipation to the impact of climate change and global warning resulting in rising sea levels and increased of high salinity waters in the coastal areas. SALINA could be used as a subsitute cultured fish species besides milkfish (Chanos chanos) to be cultured in the idle shrimps pond of Indonesia brackish water area since the farmer faces a problem on getting heatlh shrimps post larva. SALINA has a good growth performance, low FCR and more resist to disease caused by Streptococcus bacteria. Histological observations of its reproductive organs shows that gonad both in male and female individual were not developed well so that the process of reproduction can be avoided and most of the incoming energy can be utilized for growth. Furthermore, SALINA will also be developed to be able to grow well at 32-34 ppt salinity as marine tilapia strain to support the development of mariculture.